Scale Extrusion

Emergency aid for sick fish and sick ponds.
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Russell Peters
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Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:41 am

Scale Extrusion
The following is also from INC. When we first became associated with Toshio Sakai he spent a lot of time teaching us how to care for Koi so that we would be better prepared to keep them healthy and deal with problems as they arise.



Scale Extrusion


We would like to share the way we normally treat the Koi of our ponds when they suffer from localized scale extrusion in small areas. It must be noted in haste, that Koi can be generally healthy yet can still develop small bumps that are infected raised scales. The infection is located under the scales. This condition may be detected by inspection. Figure 1 illustrates how these raised scales might appear.This infection under the scales must not be left untreated. The infected soft tissue under the scales needs to be removed. In the following figures please note the sequence of the procedures that we had taken when we operated on this valuable Showa in January 2002
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:42 am

Step 1

(1) Koi was put in a tank that contained a mild anesthetic. In the case of this Showa, there was a problem area at the right side lower end of the second Hiban step, right above the Sumi pattern
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:43 am

Step 2

(2) After the Koi is calmed and anesthetized, remove the Koi onto an operating table. Check the condition of the raised scales with a surgical knife. Palpate to feel the depth of the infection into the soft tissue around the problem spot. Where the scales have noticeably extruded the most, make a small incision. This will allow the infected material to come out.
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extrusion2.jpg
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:44 am

Step 3

(3) With both thumbs slowly and gently press and feel the spread of the infection.
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extrusion3.jpg
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:45 am

Step 4

(4) Using both thumbs press, push, and squeeze the affected soft tissues towards the opening you had made.
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extrusion4.jpg
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:46 am

Step 5

(5) As the infected tissues are moved toward the incision, repeat the squeezing movements to make sure you have forced all the infected material out; don't leave any behind.
Attachments
extrusion5.jpg
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:49 am

Step 6

(6) As the puss and tissue fluid from the affected areas coke out of the incision, wipe with tissue paper and dry the area.
Attachments
extrusion6.jpg
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:50 am

Step 7

(7) Provide the Koi with an antibiotic shot. The antibiotic used is any common-use such medication for veterinary purposes. Whatever broad-spectrum antibiotic is available in your area will be fine.
Attachments
extrusion7.jpg
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Dealer & US Agent for INC
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:51 am

Step 8

(8) Next, using your scalpel, gently lift each scale where the extrusion has occurred and wipe a small amount of an antibiotic cream available in your local area for veterinary use.
Attachments
extrusion8.jpg
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Dealer & US Agent for INC
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https://www.facebook.com/russell.peters.984
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Re: Scale Extrusion

Postby Russell Peters » December 17th, 2016, 6:51 am

Step 9

(9) Once you applied the antibiotic ointment cream, spray the treated area with Terraco Spray ( Oxytracycline Hydrochloride and Hydrocortisone by Pfizer). This will create a layer over the antibiotic cream and will ensure that the cream stays intact even after the fish is returned to the water.
Attachments
extrusion9.jpg
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Dealer & US Agent for INC
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https://www.facebook.com/russell.peters.984
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